"Being white and yellow, no one is self -sophisticated. The heart is not large, and many incense is accommodated." The five -character quatrains of the poet Zhang Yu of the Ming Dynasty really grasped the characteristics of the orchid: the flowers are not large, and it is not not large. Asked if anyone appreciated it, but silently exuded the fragrance. It is because of the characteristics of orchids that it has been loved by literati in China and Japan. In the 1960s, the small orchids became a bridge between China and Japan. A clever "orchid diplomacy" successfully promoted an important trade between the two countries, and it was necessary to make the normalization of the relationship between the two countries in the future. Obdowned contribution.

Sino -Japanese trade encounters problems, the "Orchid delegation" visits Japan with important tasks

In the middle of the night in April 1963, the telephone ringtone of Liao Chengzhi, the person in charge of China, suddenly sounded. When he picked up the phone, a familiar voice came from the microphone. The other party was Liao Chengzhi's university alumni and the famous Japanese politician Matsuyamura Matsuyama. Matsunuki squeezed a few words on the phone, and suddenly suggested that he would invite China to quickly send a orchid delegation to visit Japan as the president of the Japanese Ailan Association. This request suddenly made Liao Chengzhi a little strange. You know, Matsuyama is one of the leaders of the Sanmu -Matsuya School in the Liberal Democratic Party of Japan, and has a considerable influence in politics. Why did he ask the Chinese delegation to visit Japan so quickly?

After putting down the phone, Liao Chengzhi immediately reported the situation to Premier Zhou Enlai. After analysis, the two of them believed that Matsuya's request had a lot to do with the dilemma facing the trade between the two countries at that time. Matsuya is a politician who has normalized the relationship between China and Japan in Japan. The straightforward old man has been soaked in Sinology since childhood, and loves orchids, and has a special feelings for China. After Japan's surrender, Matsuyamura took the lead in the pro -American anti -China policy against Kishisuke Cabinet. In 1959 and 1962, Songcun regarded the party's pressure and the threat of the United States. He led a group to visit China twice and reached the consensus of the normalization of relations between the two countries in a gradual manner with Premier Zhou Enlai. During his visit to China, the two countries signed the "LT Trade Memorandum", agreed to set up a resident office in Tokyo and Beijing to achieve mutual distribution reporters, creating a famous "memo trade".

However, in the process of implementing the memo trade, there are various difficulties. First of all, the Japanese government was delayed to approve the export of equipment to China, and then the two countries' representative offices also encountered resistance. The pressure from the United States and Taiwan made the Ikeda brave cabinet at the time. Essence The change of the situation made Matsun Village anxious, so he came up with a good idea to invite the Chinese Lanhua delegation to visit Japan to negotiate with the Japanese government to break the current deadlock. This can be said to be a very clever way, because Matsuya's three love orchids is well known. During his visit to China, he discussed with Zhu De's experience in raising orchids. Go to many unnecessary troubles. After learning about the true intention of Matsuya, Premier Zhou and Liao Chengzhi decided to immediately send a delegation to Japan to discuss the trade and establishment of permanent institutions between the two countries, and hoped to take the opportunity to exchange reporters.

Old politicians pay their own pockets to entertain Chinese guests.

On April 29, 1963, Zhang Zhaohan, the commander of the Lanhua expert and the United Front Minister of the Fujian Provincial Party Committee as the head of the China Orchid, to visit Japan. According to Premier Zhou's instructions, Liao Chengzhi's 3 capable assistants Sun Pinghua, Wang Xiaoyun and Wang Xiaoxian became delegations to become delegations member. Although Sun Pinghua didn't know much about orchids, in his own words, "I can't even distinguish between orchid and leek", but they are the most important figures in the delegation. At Tokyo Haneda Airport, the Chinese delegation received a warm reception of Matsuyamura's secretary Yamamoto Yamamoto. Yamamoto Chongnan first conveyed Songcun's apology, because Matsuyamura believes that every time he visits China, he enjoys a state -level treatment and is greeted by the Chinese government leaders. However, he cannot repay in the same way in Japan. He told Yamamoto Men to receive the Chinese delegation with the greatest enthusiasm. Matsuyama, who is not wealthy, also intends to pay for all the costs of the Chinese delegation to visit Japan.

During the visit to Japan, the Chinese orchid delegation exchanged with Japanese orchid enthusiasts, but this was not the focus of access. Soon, the Chinese orchid delegation ended his visit to the country, and Sun Pinghua and the three stayed in Japan. They began the most important schedule for the visit.

The secret arrangements of the main person in charge of the Japanese party, the main person in charge of the Japanese party, and the three people including Sun Pinghua met with officials of Tongshi Provincial officials Watanabe Miri, and used Japan's export credit issues to China ’s export equipment to test the attitude of the Japanese government. Watanabe hesitated again and again, indicating that it was difficult to do this, because at that time, the two countries had not established diplomatic relations, and it was impossible to adopt export credit, and many Japanese politicians believed that doing so was not good for the Japanese government. Nevertheless, he decided to support memo trade because it was beneficial to the future of Sino -Japanese relations.

Later, Watanabe revealed to Chinese reporters in 2000 that he was determined to help China at that time: "In 1963, I was 45 years old. He is a good person and a friend who can deal with it for a lifetime. At that time, all I could do was carrying the Minister of Communication and using my power to approve the export of this device because the Minister of Command was banned. I made up my mind, and if I was found out, I would resign, and be the common people! "After signing a document in Watanabe for three weeks, the Japanese Minister of Tongshi finally discovered the matter, according to the memories of Watanabe:" He (Tong Tong (Tong Tong (Tong Tong (Tongchen Minister of production) is as anxious as seeing the fire at home, but according to international practice, this document has taken effect, but the Minister of Communication has not let me make a message. He understands my good intentions. "China's secret envoy meets the Japanese political scene. Powerful faction, "Orchid Diplomacy" creates a channel for China -Japan communication

After the first battle, Sun Pinghua and others, with the help of Japanese friends, met with some heavyweight people in Japanese political scenes, launched a new round of secret diplomacy, and received unexpected results. Japanese politician Yudu Miya Dema held a grand reception for Chinese guests on his big lawn. He specially invited the Tongshi Chief of the Communications Class of Japan to take the approval of the Ministry of Communications of Japan to attend. He also carefully arranged Sun Pinghua During the reception of the reception, a small room upstairs negotiated with Gani Kuan Kuan.

Then, Tonada, who later became a Japanese Foreign Minister, arranged for Sun Pinghua and Ikeda Cabinet to support the improvement of Sino -Japanese relations and build the Minister of Construction. At that time, Kono Ichiro was one of the leaders of the Liberal Democratic Party. After discussing with Sun Pinghua in detail, he said: "Prime Minister Ikeda understands China's position and is determined to carry out Japan -China trade. Don't do it. "

Since then, Sun Pinghua and others have entrusted the Liberal Democratic Party MP Takasaki Takasaki to communicate with the Japanese Prime Minister Ikeda on Sino -Japanese trade issues. After Gao Yan secretly met with Prime Minister Ikeda, Sun Pinghua asked Sun Pinghua to tell China. Prime Minister Ikeda must fulfill his promise. The Japanese government has basically determined to approve the device to export Vani -setting equipment to China.

On June 29, 1963, China and Japan signed a contract to introduce the Japanese Winonon's complete equipment in Beijing with a total amount of 7.358 billion yen. The first set of equipment trade transactions greatly enhanced Japanese manufacturers' confidence in developing Japan -China trade, and the "orchid diplomacy" of China and Japan achieved great success. Although in the future, the right -wing and Taiwan authorities of the United States and Japan kept coming out to make trouble, claiming that Japan's exports and government loans were aid, and some even let the PLA put on Pinonun military uniforms to strengthen the CCP to strengthen the Communist Party of China. Military forces try to obstruct the Japanese government's performance. However, after the "orchid diplomacy", the Chinese side established a good communication channel with the Japanese government. The two sides jointly broke the obstruction of the right -wing and Taiwan as the United States and Japan, allowing the Winuline Factory to settle in Beijing smoothly.

The orchid delegation that was not in orchids this time was deeply meaningful for the development of Sino -Japanese relations. The successful introduction of Vinunlon's set of equipment has played an important role in helping China to solve the difficulty of people's dressing at that time. The Japanese politicians in contact with the delegation later became heavyweights of Japanese politics. For example, Yoka Naoto later became the chief of the official house and the Minister of Foreign Affairs; Katsui Ichiro was the Speaker of the House of Representatives. The process of turning plays a vital role in the process.

The successful interview of the orchid delegation also allowed China to see that even in the case of difficulties in the two countries without diplomatic relations, Japan still has a large number of people of insight to develop the relationship between the two countries to sacrifice their personal interests. The prospect of development is broad. It is regrettable that Mr. Songcun Qian San, who contributed to the "orchid diplomacy", did not see the normalization of Sino -Japanese relations. He died of illness in 1971 at the age of 88, but his contribution to the friendship between China and Japan will be Always loaded into the history of the two countries.

"Orchid Diplomacy" refers to the bridge between China and Japan in the 1960s, orchids. A clever "orchid diplomacy" successfully contributed to the important trade between the two countries and made the normalization of the relationship between the two countries in the future. It is an indelible contribution.

For specific content, please refer to http://baike.baidu.com/link?url=ebe8ehsitfx2icx4thv96b_og7uk1iblndfvigXTA-rpnbg2ZPJXJOETC6ZCTHO0HPO_S8K