The full name of the Eighth Route Army is "The Eighth Route Army of the National Revolutionary Army". During the second Northern Expedition of the National Revolutionary Army in 1928, the number of "Lucai" began. why? The road first appeared in the Song Dynasty, and it was a unit of administrative district and military area. There are several troops in each road, which is mastered by commanders. Later, during the second Northern Expedition, the military command at that time, based on the road of the Song Dynasty, created a unique military establishment and number of the world in the world. The difference is that it is no longer the nature of the administrative district and the military area, but the army number stationed in a certain area. Under normal circumstances, one road army has one general commander and deputy commander, and the rank is general.
This number is not the first. Before this number was given to the Communist Party's troops, it belonged to Li Jitang's old Guangdong army sequence. The original Eighth Route Army was composed of the Guangdong Army forces left behind during the Northern Expedition of the Guangdong National Government.
The Red Army adapts and goes to the Anti -Japanese Oath Oath Mobilization Conference
Therefore, the Eighth Route Army has always belonged to the Guangdong Army, and Li Jishen and Chen Jitang have been the chief commander. If you must find the person who names the Eighth Route Army, it should be taken by the National Government.
As Chen Jitang launched the "Guangdong and Guangxi Incident" of anti -Chiang Chiang in 1936. After the incident failed, Chiang Kai -shek canceled the Eighth Route Army. It was not until August 25, 1937 that the three major aspects of the Red Army were reorganized to the National Revolutionary Army.
The reason why the Eighth Route Army was called the "Road Army" was because during the ten -year civil war of the KMT, the Kuomintang preserved the "road army" as a first -class combat unit. It is equivalent to military level or slightly greater than the army. In fact, the "road army" was a temporary establishment unit, but because the Kuomintang army has many factions, the number is complicated, and the Kuomintang is always in a state of war, the reorganization tasks have not been completed.
Therefore, in the Kuomintang army, the road and the army existed at the same time. For example, General Yang Hucheng, who launched the Xi'an Incident, the number of the Northwest Army under his His Majesty is the 17th Army.
General Yang Hucheng
The three divisions of the Eighth Route Army used by the Communist Party forces were not the number of the former divisions of the Eighth Route Army, but from the Northeast Army. After the Xi'an Incident, Chiang Kai -shek retired the Northeast Army's original Northeast Army. The 115th Division, 120th Division, and 129th Division, the three originally belonged to the Northeast Army, gave the Eighth Route Army led by the Communist Party.
The history of the Eighth Route Army
Eighth Route Army-The Original Full-name National Revolutionary Army Eighth Route Army
Before the War of Resistance Against Japan, the Eighth Route Army of the National Revolutionary Army was originally the Guangdong local warlord forces (the old ministry of Li Jishen). Chen Jitang was the commander of the Eighth Route Army. The 63rd Division Li Yangjing, the ministry was revoked by Chiang Kai -shek after the ministry. On August 22, 1937, the National Government's Military Commission officially announced that the Red Army's main force was adapted to the Eighth Route Army of the National Revolutionary Army (referred to as the Eighth Route Army). There are 15,000 members in each division.
On September 11, 1937, the National Government's Military Commission was based on the national land *** army combat sequence (adapted the "road army" into the "group army") and issued an order: renamed the Eighth Route Army to the 18th Army, and the Eighth Route Army Headquarters was renamed No. 1 Eighteenth Group Army Command. Zhu De was reorganized as the commander -in -chief, and Peng Dehuai was reorganized as the deputy commander. On September 14, Zhu De and Peng Dehuai issued the Order of the Eighth Route Army to the Eighteenth Army. But since then, it is still used to calling this unit the "Eighth Route Army".
After the Red Army's adaptation, Chiang Kai -shek, Chairman of the National Government Military Commission, Yan Xishan, deputy chairman of the Military Commission and commander of the Second theater, Li Zongren, Commander of the Fifth theater, Bai Chongxi, Deputy Chief of Staff of the Military Commission, Jiang Dingwen, Director of Xi'an Xingxing, and No. 1 Fu Zuoyi, commander of the Seventh Group Army, and the senior generals of the Kuomintang of the Kuomintang. Li Zongren and Bai Chongxi congratulated the "Wang Dong's flag of the east, and insulting the same revenge, wiped out the pirates of the Shuo Fang, and lost to play." Jiang Dingwen congratulated the news "to lead the enemy's anti -enemy, the barriers were added. The martial arts and fat, the troops of the strong autumn plugs; the wine cooked grapes, and the fighting spirit of Lisa. "".
In February 1937, the Communist Party of China and the Kuomintang of the Chinese Kuomintang began negotiations on the adaptation of the Chinese Workers and Peasants' Red Army and went to the Anti -Japanese Line. After the outbreak of the Anti -Japanese War, an agreement was reached. On August 22, the Kuomintang government announced that the main force of the Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army was adapted into the Eighth Route Army of the National Revolutionary Army, referred to as the Eighth Route Army. On August 25, the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China issued an order to adapt the Red Army, the second and fourth aspects of the Red Army in the Gansu -Ningxin District in Shaanxi and the Northwest Red Army to the Eighth Route Army of the National Revolutionary Army. From September 11th, the 18th Army of the Eighteenth Army is also known as the Battle Sequence. director. There are three divisions: 115th division, Lin Biao as the head of the teacher, Nie Rongzhen as the deputy teacher; the 120th division, He Long is the teacher, Xiao Ke is the deputy teacher; A total of 46,000 people in the army. After the adaptation, the main force went to the front line of North China to fight. In order to defend the safety of the Shaanxi -Gansu -Ningxin border area, the General Left behind the Eighth Route Army (renamed the Eighth Route Army's Left -behind Corps) after the establishment of the Eighth Route Army), Xiao Jinguang was appointed as the director and commanded the left -behind troops of various divisions. During the War of Resistance Against Japan, the Eighth Route Army annihilated more than 1.25 million Japanese puppet troops, liberated large land, and made great contributions to the War of Resistance in Japan and the World Anti -Fascist War. At the end of the Anti -Japanese War, the Eighth Route Army developed to more than 100 million people, becoming the main part of the People's Liberation Army during the Liberation War. It is the abbreviation of the Eighth Route Army of the National Revolutionary Army, and the same is the new fourth army of the National Revolutionary Army as the New Fourth Army.
How did the name of the Eighth Route Army come from? Its predecessor is like this, it is really surprising! How did the name of the Eighth Route Army come from? Its predecessor was like this, it was so surprising! How did the name of the Eighth Route Army come from? Its predecessor was like this, it was so surprising!