Overview of Shanghai

Shanghai for short Shanghai or Shen. The Municipal People's Government is at 200 people's avenue in Huangpu District, postal code: 200000, long -distance district number: 021. Shanghai is located at 31 ° 14 'north latitude and 121 ° 29' east longitude. It is located on the west coast of the Pacific Ocean, the east side of the Asian continent, the front edge of the Yangtze River Delta, the east side of the East China Sea, the Hangzhou Bay in the south, the two provinces of Jiangsu and Zhejiang in the west, and the Yangtze River in the north. Shanghai is in the middle of the north -south arc coastline of China. It is convenient for transportation, broad hinterland, and superior geographical location. It is a good river and sea port. The average altitude is about 4 meters. The city covers an area of ​​6340.5 square kilometers, accounting for 0.06%of the country's total area, about 120 kilometers from north to south, and about 100 kilometers width. Among them, the area is 5299.29 square kilometers, and the county area is 1041.21 square kilometers. There are three islands: Chongming, Changxing, and Hengsha under the jurisdiction. Among them, Chongming Island covers an area of ​​1041.21 square kilometers, which is the third largest island in my country.

At the end of 2004, the city's household registration population was 13.5239 million. There are 39 ethnic minorities and minority unmitted ethnic groups in Shanghai, with about 53,000 people, accounting for 0.4 % of the city's population. The most populous people are the Hui people, followed by the Manchu, and the least are the Dai, Lahu, Mao Nan, Pumen, and Beijing.

At the end of 2005, the registered population of the city's public security household registration was 13.6026 million, an increase of 78,700 over the previous year and 0.6%. As of the end of 2006, the total population of Shanghai's household registration was 13.6808 million.

According to the "Eleventh Five -Year Plan" outline, Shanghai's permanent population is expected to reach 19 million by 2010, which means that the resident population capacity in Shanghai still has a growth space of about 1.2 million, with an average of about 240,000 per year.

Shanghai belongs to the northern Asian tropical monsoon climate. The climate is mild and humid. In 2005, the average temperature in Shanghai was 17.5 ° C throughout the year, 1778.3 hours of sunshine, and the rainfall was 1254.9 mm.

■ City flower

In 1986, he was reviewed and approved by the Standing Committee of the Shanghai People's Congress and decided to be a flower in Shanghai. Bai Yulan's climate in Shanghai is particularly early. When it comes to spring, it will bloom in bloom before the Qingming Festival. White magnolia is as white as jade, crystal clear and bright, and when it is open, it is full of fragrance. Choosing Bai Magnolia as the flower of Shanghai City symbolizes a spirit of opening a pioneer and struggling.

■ City standard

The Shanghai Municipal Standard was reviewed and approved by the Standing Committee of the Shanghai People's Congress in 1990. The Shanghai Municipal standard is a triangular pattern composed of white magnolia, sand boats and propellers. The triangular graphics -like propellers symbolize that Shanghai is a city that is constantly moving forward; the pattern center is the oldest ship in Shanghai and Hong Kong. It symbolizes that Shanghai is a historic port city. The blooming white magnolia shows the vitality of the city.

Administrative division

Huangpu District covers an area of ​​12 square kilometers and a population of 220,000. Postal encoding 200001. No. 300 in Yan'an East Road, the People's Government of the District.

The Luwan District covers an area of ​​8 square kilometers and a population of 330,000. Postal encoding 200020. No. 139 South South Road, Chongqing.

Xuhui District covers an area of ​​55 square kilometers and a population of 890,000. Postal encoding 200030. The District People's Government is stationed at No. 336 of Xibei Road.

Changning District covers an area of ​​38 square kilometers and a population of 620,000. Postal encoding 200050. No. 1320 of the People's Government of the District People's Government.

Jing'an District covers an area of ​​8 square kilometers and a population of 320,000. Postal encoding 200040. No. 370, Changde Road, the People's Government of the District.

Putuo District covers an area of ​​55 square kilometers and a population of 850,000. Postal encoding 200333. No. 1668, Daduhe Road, Dadu River.

Zhabei District covers an area of ​​29 square kilometers and a population of 710,000. Postal encoding 200070. No. 480, Datong Road, the People's Government of the District.

Hongkou District covers an area of ​​23 square kilometers and a population of 790,000. Postal encoding 200080. No. 518, Feihong Road, the People's Government of the District.

Yangpu District covers an area of ​​61 square kilometers and its population is 1.08 million. Postal encoding 200082. No. 549, Jiangpu Road, the People's Government of the District.

Minhang District covers an area of ​​372 square kilometers and a population of 750,000. Postal code 201100. No. 6258, Humin Road, Xinzhuang Town, Xinzhuang Town.

Baoshan District covers an area of ​​415 square kilometers and a population of 850,000. Postal coding 201900. No. 5 at Mishan Road in the District People's Government.

Jiading District covers an area of ​​459 square kilometers and a population of 510,000. Postal coding 201800. No. 111 of the District People's Government in Bole South Road.

Pudong New District covers an area of ​​523 square kilometers and a population of 1.77 million. Postal code 200135. District People's Government No. 2001, Avenue of Century.

Jinshan District covers an area of ​​586 square kilometers and a population of 530,000. Postal coding 201540. No. 2000 in Jinshan Avenue in the People's Government of the District.

Songjiang District covers an area of ​​605 square kilometers and a population of 510,000. Postal coding 201600. No. 1 in the district people's government stationed in the middle road.

Qingpu District covers an area of ​​676 square kilometers and a population of 460,000. Postal coding 201700. No. 100 in the Park Road in the District People's Government.

Nanhui District covers an area of ​​688 square kilometers and a population of 700,000. Postal code 201300. No. 3252, Renmin East Road, Huinan Town. Fengxian District covers an area of ​​687 square kilometers and a population of 510,000. Postal coding 201400. The District People's Government is located in Jiefang Middle Road in Nanqiao Town.

Chongming County covers an area of ​​1041 square kilometers and a population of 640,000. Postal encoding 202150. No. 68 Renmin Road, Chengqiao Town, Chengqiao Town.

* The regional name information here is as of December 2005; the area and population data are based on the "Simplication of the Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (2005)", and the population as of the end of 2003. *

District

In the Shanghai area, south of the Wusong River analyzed Huating County in the east of Jiaxing, the north of Haiyan, and the south of Kunshan in 751 AD (Tang Tianbao). In 1277 (14th to Yuan Yuan), Luhuanting County was Hua Tingfu, and the second year was changed to Songjiang Prefecture. From the jurisdiction of Songjiang Prefecture in the Qing Dynasty, there were 7 counties of Huating, Lou, Shanghai, Qingpu, Jinshan, Fengxian, Nanhui and Sichuan Shafin. The north of the Wusong River set up Jiading County on January 7, 1218 (on the 9th of December 9th, the 10th year of the Southern Song Dynasty), and later precipitated Baoshan County. The Shazhou of the Yangtze River was set up around 19907 (the first five generations) of Chongming Town, and it was promoted to Chongming Prefecture in 1277. In 1369 (the second year of Ming Hongwu), it was changed to Chongming County. The urban area of ​​Shanghai was originally a fishing village in the lower reaches of the Wusong River. During the Xianchun period of the Southern Song Dynasty (1265 ~ 1274), Shanghai Town was established. In 1291 (to the 28th year of the AD), it was approved by the Yuan Dynasty. In 1292, Shanghai County was officially divided into 5 townships such as Gaochang, Presbyterian, Beiting, Haizheng, and Xinjiang on both sides of Huating County. Songjiang Prefecture belongs to the county.

It was set in Shanghai Special City in 1927 and was renamed Shanghai in May 1930.

On May 27, 1949, Shanghai was liberated. The city is classified as Huangpu, Lao Zha, Xincheng, Jing'an, Jiangning, Putuo, Yiyi Temple, Penglai and other 20 urban areas and 10 suburbs of new cities, Jiangwan, Wu Song, and Da Farm. In the 1950s, the administrative division of Shanghai was made several adjustments. By May 1964, Shanghai had Huangpu, Nanshi, Luwan, Xuhui, Changning, Jing'an, Putuo, Zhabei, Hongkou, Yangpu, and Shanghai. , Jiading, Baoshan, Chuansha, Fengxian, Nanhui, Songjiang, Jinshan, Qingpu, Chongming 10 suburbs.

In 1980, Wusong District was established. In 1982, Minhang District was restored. In 1988, Baoshan District was established in Baoshan County and Wusong District. In 1992, it was canceled in Shanghai County and Yuan Minhang District and set up Minhang District. In September 1992, Pudong New District was established in the Pudong New District of Sichuan -Sha County, former Shanghai County Sanlin Township and Huangpu, Nanshi, and Yangpu. In October 1992, Jiading County was withdrawn and established Jiading District. 1996年,上海市辖有黄浦、南市、卢湾、徐汇、长宁、静安、普陀、闸北、虹口、杨浦、宝山、闵行、嘉定和浦东新区14个区,南汇、奉贤、松江、金山、青浦、 Chongming 6 counties and petrochemical areas.

Jinshan County was canceled in April 1997 and established Jinshan District. In February 1998, Songjiang County was canceled and Songjiang District was established. In September 1999, Qingpu County was canceled and Qingpu District was established. In June 2000, with the approval of the State Council, Huangpu District and Nanshi District were withdrawn one to establish a new Huangpu District.

In 2000, according to the fifth national census data: Shanghai's total population was 1640,7734; of which 1434,8535 were in the city's jurisdiction, and 2059,199 people under the jurisdiction of the city. The population of each district and county: 188743 in Huangpu District, 385,790 people in Nanshi District, 32,8918 in Luwan District, 1064,645 in Xuhui District, 702,239 in Changning District, 305,329 people in Jing'an District, 105,1672 in Putuo District, 79,8620 people in Zhabei District, 860,726 people in Hongkou District, Hongkou District, and Hongkou District. Yangpu District 1243757, 1217309 in Minhang District, 1227,978 people in Baoshan District, 753070 people in Jiading District, 240,2343 people in Pudong New District, 580,377 people in Jinshan District, 641156 in Songjiang District, 595,863 people in Qingpu District, 785,102 people in Nanhui County, and 62,4285 people in Fengxian County. 649812 people in Chongming County.

On January 9, 2001, Nanhui County was revoked, and Nanhui District was established; Fengxian County was canceled and Fengxian District was established.

At the end of 2003, Huangpu, Luwan, Xuhui, Xuhui, Changning, Jing'an, Putuo, Zhabei, Hongkou, Yangpu, Baoshan, Minhang, Jiading, Pudong New District, Nanhui, Fengxian, Songjiang, Jinshan, Qingpu area and Chongming County.

Shanghai culture

■ dialect

Shanghai dialect (SHANGHAINESE) is a unique dialect in Shanghai. Some people also call Shanghai dialect. Voice is greatly affected by Suzhou and Ningbo, which are dominant in early immigrants. With Ningbo dialect, Suzhou dialect is close.

There is a little difference between pronunciation and grammar in the "Shanghai dialect" in the suburbs of Shanghai and the universal sense. According to the region, it can be divided into "Songjiang dialect", "Chongming dialect", "Pudong dialect" and other dialects.

The 1930s were the golden age of Shanghai dialect. Similar to Hong Kong, writers in Shanghai are translated or translated with many new English words, which uses written texts to spread through various print media at the time in Shanghai, and then absorbed by Mandarin. Starting from the late 1980s, schools in Shanghai have been taught in Mandarin. Many schools are treated with the behavior of dialects. Moreover, the government has canceled many Shanghai dialect content in radio stations and TV shows. The ability to make words in Shanghai also began to have a serious decline. Shanghai is still a Wu language city now, and Mandarin is also very common. With the increasing increasing immigrants from all over China, the proportion of people who speak Shanghai dialect began to decrease. Now, it is difficult to recruit young Shanghai opera actors with qualified pronunciation. Since the beginning of the 21st century, Shanghai's public opinion community has set off a wave of "defending Shanghai dialect". There are already Shanghai dialect learning classes in some parts of the United Kingdom [2] ■ Haipai culture

The culture of Shanghai is called "Haipai Culture". It is based on the traditional culture of Jiangnan (Wu Culture) in Jiangnan, China, and gradually formed with the far -reaching European and American culture that has been influenced by Shanghai after the port opening. It has a unique style of openness and self -containing.

Since the reform and opening up, Shanghai has held many large cultural activities, and has built a number of first -class cultural facilities in the country, including Shanghai Grand Theater, Shanghai Museum, Shanghai Library, Shanghai Studios, etc. The European -style Shanghai Concert Hall was shifted due to municipal construction needs, but after the internal reconstruction, the public has been reopened to the public, mainly to hold a symphony concert. Every year, Shanghai also holds cultural activities such as international art festivals and international film festivals.

humanity history

A national historical and cultural city of Yuyuan and the Ming Dynasty Garden

19 national key cultural relics protection units

136 cultural relics protection units in Shanghai

Four Shanghai -level historical and cultural towns

Shanghai City God Temple is located in the most prosperous Chenghuang Temple tourist area in Shanghai. It is an important Taoist palace view in Shanghai. It was built in the Yongle period of the Ming Dynasty (1403-1424). It has a history of nearly 600 years. During the Cultural Revolution, a major blow was hit, the idol was destroyed, and the temple was used as it. It has been repaired now.

Before 1949, Shanghai was a place where paper was drunk. At that time, the famous "Paramount" ballroom in Shanghai was famous, and it came from the English "Paramont". "Big World" is also a well -known entertainment center. Many cinemas are also very luxurious. For example, Da Guangming Cinema was built in 1928 and was designed by Odak, an outstanding German architect L.E.HUDEC, and belongs to an outstanding protection building at the municipal level. History of Great Guangming Cinema. Cathay theater Cathay Theater. Built in 1930, it was designed by Hongda Yangxing, reinforced concrete structure, and the exterior wall adopts purple -sauce -red Taishan tiles, white embedded seams. Essence The advertising term on the "Declaration" was: "Fuli Hongzhuang held the ox ear of the Shanghai Cinema, which is exquisite and comfortable to set up modern science." After 1949, it was renamed Cathay Cinema. During the "Cultural Revolution", it was renamed the People's Cinema. In 1994, it was named an excellent historical building by the Shanghai Municipal People's Government.

From 1918 to 1925, Sun Yat -sen, the father of the Republic of China, also lived on a small European rural house on the south of the bustling Huaihai Road, and a small European -style house on the east side of Sinan Road. It is now changed to Sun Yat -sen's former residence. Shanghai Xingzhi Park has Taoxingzhi Memorial Hall. There is Lu Xun Memorial Hall near Hongkou Park.

Shanghai has many old -fashioned European -style buildings. Among them, a European -style foreign bank in the Bund. The buildings left by merchants and restaurants have always been the sign of Shanghai, such as Citibank, Peace Hotel, etc. However, in fact, there are many garden villas left in the city in the city in the 19230s, such as Lilac Garden, Samson Villa, Mahler House, and Jiadao Garden, which is now used as the Shanghai Youth Palace. In the center of Shanghai, there was also a huge Shanghai horse rampal hall at that time.

movie culture

Before 1949 (the Republic of China; the Kuomintang government), China's film industry was basically concentrated in Shanghai, and there were about 200 film companies in Shanghai. If the film industry in Shanghai, if it is divided from the source of funds, it can be divided into three types: foreign, private and Kuomintang officials, and the Shanghai film industry should push private film companies, accounting for more than 90%of the total. However, among the many private enterprises, most companies are just a flash in the flash, and some companies are even unpotted, that is, they have disappeared, and about a dozen of more than a dozen companies that are slightly scaled and can be produced in a balanced production. Hollywood eight major producers have set up distribution agencies in Shanghai, which almost monopolizes the entire film distribution market in Shanghai. Only second and third -rate theaters will release domestic films.

In the history of Chinese film development, there have been greater influence and role. In the 1920s and 1930s, the Five Tigers of the Film Film Star Film Co., Ltd. (referred to as celebrities), Tianyi Film Company (Tiaiyi), Lianhua FilmFive companies including the company (referred to as Lianhua), Yihua Pictures (referred to as Yihua), Xinhua Film Company (referred to as Xinhua); during the war, the main periods were Kunlun Film Company (Kunlun) and Wenhua Film Company(Referred to as Wenhua for short) Two.In the 1930s, the Dentong IU sang, she also sang the song by others, it seems that she also sang sj’s sorry sorry

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